Water from the Municipality of Bucharest
Edited by: Andreea Miscodan
WATER, A NECESSITY WE FORGET TO APPRECIATE
THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER IN DAILY LIFE
Nowaterquantities sufficient and of good quality, a city cannot develop. But even their existence does not guarantee the sustainability of a human settlement.Water is used for direct consumption by the population, supporting production processes, irrigating green spaces and maintaining the health of the city.Water and aquatic ecosystems have an important role in generating benefits, they can also be called “ecosystem systems” at the city level. They also improve thermal comfort during the summer and provide a living environment for aquatic species.Water resources they can be within the radius of the city or near it. The transfer systems that bring these resources to the beneficiaries are very essential, namely: intakes, pumping systems, the water supply network the water, treatment plants. Most importantly, population, socio-economic activities and green-blue infrastructure components depend on the availability water resources.
MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
Ensuringa long-term management of water resources, which takes into account all social, economic and environmental interests becomes a difficult thing. Unfortunately, many cities are trying to survive this. The sustainable management of water resources must go towards:
- ensuring sufficient quantities;
- ensuring good quality;
- maintaining and ensuring a good and very good ecological condition of the bodies of water;
- limiting floods and extreme hydroclimatic phenomena;
- ensuring the fair distribution of the benefits resulting from the existenceof water resources
- responsibilityin managing water resources;
Water resources management it should not be seen only as a responsibility of public institutions. On the contrary, it is a responsibility of all direct and indirect beneficiaries of the benefits offered of water. So, the management of water resourcesis coordinated by institutions with clear responsibilities in ensuring the distribution of responsibilities (for example, Compania Națională Apele Române), but must also include a high level of responsibility on the part of the users. Also, the responsibility starts from the simple choices of the users.
I will give you some examples, namely: the limitation wasteswater, avoiding the disposal of substances or objects that can obstruct the functioning of the sewage system. The examples do not end here, we can do the following things: avoid loading water with substances that are difficult to remove or that significantly increase the complexity and costs of treatment.
IS WATER AFFECTED BY POLLUTION SOURCES?
waters underground in the basement of the city of Bucharest are or have been affected by various sources of pollution active or inactive. Unfortunately, the negative effects are noted in the household waste deposits in the following countries: Glina, Chiajna Iridex, Chitila, Voluntari. Things that must be mentioned are cemeteries, septic tanks or sewage treatment plants. They are located in neighborhoods without centralized sewage. Among the inactive sources, the former waste dumps from the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century stand out. Currently they are covered by other urban functions, they are:
- Ouatu’s pit or Barbu’s pit, currently the Children’s Park;
- the Dudești Pantelimon warehouse, currently the Pantelimon Commercial Complex;
- the “Valley of Pâlgerii” pit, currently the Youth Park;
- the workers’ pit, currently the National Arena,
- the Floreasca pit, currently the Stefan cel Mare Stadium
Also very important are the places where construction materials were prepared in the past centuries, such as quicklime or bricks. They were located in the areas of Titan, Străuleşti, Tineretului, Circului. The latrines located in the areas without sewerage or the locations of the old cemeteries located in the Bucharest area worked there.
We will now talk about the quality ofwater in the city of Bucharest, listing some lakes and rivers.
The quality of the Dâmbovița watershedis evaluated based on the measurements made at the monitoring points upstream and downstream of Lacul Morii and downstream of the Glina treatment plant, managed by the National Company.
Lake Morii is the largest body ofwaterin the city of Bucharest. Its qualitative dynamics are significantly influenced by thewaterinputs from upstream, but also by the way in which water volumes are managed.
Lakes on the Colentina River
The water qualityof the lakes on the Colentina River is due to diffuse sources of degradation in the urban environment. Regarding nutrients and some special toxic compounds, most of thelakes on theriver Colentina have a moderate ecological state during spring. And when the filling is done lakesand ends up being degraded at the end of the growing season.
EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT DRINKING WATER
Drinking water quality in Bucharest is monitored by Apa Nova București. This is done through a network of 54 points to which additional points are added. These are requested by the Bucharest Municipal Authority for the Regulation of Public Services. According to Apa Nova Bucharest data, most of the samples of the water collected do not exceed the legal requirements.
Sporadic problems occur with residual chlorine (below 2% of samples), iron (below 0.2% of samples) and turbidity (below 0.05% of samples).
In the case of the houses in the city of Bucharest, part of the majority of the surveyed residents. They say the following: drinking water it has good quality, while others find it has chlorine smell issues. Even if, according to S.C. data Apa Nova S.A., drinking water quality falls within the existing legislative norms, it is interesting that the surveyed population uses it for drinking. Recently, an increase in the level of use has been observed of drinking waterfrom the public system, after the installation of filtration systems in homes.